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romanticism

本文出处:ap培训机构 发布时间:2018-10-12 17:44:05 字体大小: A+ A-


现在很多考试注重考察学生文学素养的功底,比如SAT阅读写作,ISEE等。我们分享下浪漫主义文学的一些知识,来帮助大家提升自我的文学素养。



Romanticism was an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century, and in most areas wasat its peak in the approximate period from 1800 to 1850. 

浪漫主义作为一个艺术流派和社会思潮,产生于18世纪末的欧洲,在1850年到达巅峰。


Romanticism was characterized by its emphasis on emotion and individualism as well as glorification of all the past and nature, preferring the medieval rather thanthe classical. 

浪漫主义是文艺的基本创作方法之一,与现实主义同为文学艺术上的两大主要思潮。


The movement emphasized intense emotion as an authentic source of aesthetic experience, placing new emphasis on such emotions as apprehension, horrorand terror, and awe—especially that experienced in confronting the new aesthetic categories of the sublimity and beauty of nature.

作为创作方法,浪漫主义在反映客观现实上侧重从主观内心世界出发,抒发对理想世界的热烈追求,常用热情奔放的语言、瑰丽的想象和夸张的手法来塑造形象。强调直觉、想象力、和感觉,甚至到了被一些人批评为“非理性主义”的程度。



一、Definition:


A movement in the arts and literature which originated in the late 18th century, emphasizing inspiration, subjectivity, and the primacy of the individual. Often contrasted with classicism.

文艺运动18世纪末兴起的一种艺术和文学运动,强调灵感、主观性和个人至上经常与古典主义相对照。

 

我们通过一下一副图来对这个定义有个更加直观的理解吧!


拜伦.png



二、The Byronic Hero


He knew himself a villain—but he deem'd.
The rest no better than the thing he seem'd.
And scorn'd the best as hypocrites who hid
Those deeds the bolder spirit plainly did.
He knew himself detested, but he knew.
The hearts that loath'd him, crouch'd and dreaded too.
Lone, wild, and strange, he stood alike exempt.
From all affection and from all contempt.

他知道自己是一个坏人——但他认为其余的人并不比他看上去的好多少。他嘲笑那些最好的伪君子,因为他们隐藏了那些胆子更大的人所做的事情。他知道自己讨厌自己,但他知道那些讨厌他的心,蹲着也害怕。他是孤独的,狂野的,古怪的,他站在那里,既不受任何感情的影响,也不受任何轻视。


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